Wing Chun produces efficient and adaptable students in a relatively short time by sticking to several core principles and constantly drilling on them. A very generic approach to applying techniques is also taken. Instead of training a response to a specific attack or technique, the student trains to guard various zones of the body and deal with whatever happens to be in that zone. This allows for a minimum of technique to cover a maximum of applications, and for the use of automatic or “subconscious” responses.
The important concept in Wing Chun is not to use force against force. Generally, a Wing Chun practitioner will seek to use an opponent’s own force against him, which allows a weak fighter to overcome stronger opponents. A great deal of training is devoted to this concept with the goal of cultivating “Contact Reflexes”.
The idea behind contact reflexes is that the moment you touch or make “contact” with your opponent, your body automatically reads the direction, force, and often the intent of the opponent’s body part you are in contact with. This reflex, when combined with the zoning concepts, allows the Wing Chun practitioner to automatically (subconsciously) deals with an opponent’s attack using an appropriate defence.
There are many Wing Chun Theories a Practitioner my use to define what he/she does when in a threatening situation. Below is a short list of what we at Wing Chun international consider important in giving a student and the core principles for each phase of there journey.